How to use citations in a research paper

The format for listing references in the APA style varies according to the nature of the particular source being referenced.

The hanging indent feature should be used for subsequent lines. Although you should use these citation formats in this and other biology courses, specific formats vary considerably for individual journals. However, it is necessary to include a citation for any reference to prior research by other writers, or previous ideas offered by other writers, that is either directly referred to or used as a source of information for the paper.

A quality paper should included in-text citations for all ideas and information that are not either original to the author or a matter of general common knowledge. Masters Thesis, University of Alaska, Anchorage. That system will not be presented here, but you should expect to encounter it in your reading of the literature.

Alternatively, it may look like this: Notice that the reference to the book has a page number Gumwad If you are paraphrasing, you do not need to add quotations. Computer programs are available to handle How to use citations in a research paper in-text citations and reference lists for you.

A string of citations should be separated by semicolons, e. Add a period outside the parenthesis to end the sentence.

Step 11: Research Paper Quotes and Citations (APA)

Then, add the period on the outside of the parenthesis to end the sentence. WWW citation should be done with caution since so much is posted without peer review.

The simplest of these is an in-text quotation.

How to Do In-Text Citations in a Research Paper

Any information, including images, statistics, data, ideas, quotes or paraphrases, that you use from another source must be cited within the text of your paper. Ohio State University Library has a good webpage for citing web sources: The reference list should include not only sources that are directly quoted in the paper, but also any other sources for which an in-text citation is provided.

Citing References in the Body Intro and Discussion of the Paper Throughout the body of your paper primarily the Intro and Discussionwhenever you refer to outside sources of information, you must cite the sources from which you drew information.

In Text Citation

Finally, you should note the placement of the period AFTER the parenthetical citation - the citation, too, is part of a sentence,e. Step 4 Ensure that each in-text citation matches up with a full citation placed in your reference list, which may be termed a bibliography or works cited list.

Even if you are taking all of your information from a single source, in-text citations are still a very important element of your paper and should not be overlooked. The first line of the reference should start at the left margin.

The publication in question and the specific volume of the publication should then be listed in italics, followed by the issue number and the page numbers listed in regular text, but separated by a comma. Step 2 Place the in-text citation within the text of your paper after the information that the citation refers to.

Blair It is important to know how to properly cite sources in a research paper. InStephens analyzed the effectiveness of… Short Quotations A short quotation will normally include forty words or less.

An example of an APA in-text citation would look like this: Examples of how particular kinds of sources should be formatted are provided below: Articles with more than two authors are cited by the first authors last name followed "and others" or "et al.

Tips Ask your professor what style of citations he would prefer you to use when writing your paper. In the most recent study of this particular type of treatment for cancer patients Johnson,it was discovered that…. Put the page number where the quote or information comes from in parenthesis with the period to end the sentence afterward.

Citing an Internet Website or Non-printed Source Use the first title that the source has listed in your bibliography when you mention it leading up to the quote or data. Print Sources An article in a scholarly publication, newspaper, or magazine The last name of each author should be listed followed by their initials.

The quotation should be started on a separate line, and the entire quotation not just the first line should be indented in the same manner as a new paragraph would be. Write out the quote or data that you wish to use in your paper.

In most cases the citation will go at the end of the sentence, but in some cases where you are discussing a concept in more than one sentence, you will put the citation after a set of sentences that are all discussing the same idea or concept.Dec 20,  · Citing a research paper as a source for an essay can be tricky, as you may not be sure what information you have to include to do it properly.

Welcome to the Purdue OWL

If you are using APA format for your essay, you will need to format your citations in APA as well%(1). Feb 24,  · This article is great at articulating how to format an MLA citation style research paper. However, it alleviates a style of quotation integration: the block quotes.

In the citation of Bugjuice's paper, note the following: abbreviation of her first name; no comma (if full name is given, then use a comma); if multiple authors, use commas between.

How to Put Citations in a Research Paper

Step 12 Research Paper Quotes and Citations (MLA) The APA style is the method for formatting a paper, including quotations, and citing sources, that has been provided and recognized by the American Psychological Association. APA is the style that is normally used is a variety of social sciences and humanities fields, such as psychology and sociology.

This section contains resources on in-text citation and the References page, as well as APA sample papers, slide presentations, and the APA classroom poster.

MLA Style These OWL resources will help you learn how to use the Modern Language Association (MLA) citation and format style. Writing a paper, especially a research paper, requires you to cite your source for any information or thoughts that are not your own.

If you do not, you risk being accused of plagiarism. It is easy to cite your source in-text and there are many ways to do it.

How to use citations in a research paper
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