In other words, in literature the actual and the possible can exist simultaneously. So his work can progress to a more significant and meaningful level. Rather, literature generates effects of meaning for the reader in a virtual space created between reader and text.
This is the impulse to fictionalize: In it he extrapolated from the conclusions of reader response into a new terrain he now called "literary anthropology. In reading we discover not only alternate visions to explore, but also our own human thirst for freedom of action, ultimate understanding, and unity of experience.
In this way the author gives the reader a chance to use his imagination and makes him feel that he is involved in the events of the story.
Thus literature turns into a divining rod, locating our dispositions, desires, inclinations, and eventually our overall makeup. If a literary text does something to its readers, it also simultaneously reveals something about them. Iser and Jauss both draw from their common teacher, Hans-Georg Gadamer, but in his close analysis of text processing Iser is also influenced by Husserlian phenomenology as interpreted by Czech theorist Roman Ingarden.
We, as readers, absorb what unfamiliar in the text through the process of identification. Significantly, Iser does not analyze actual readings of texts, but proceeds from an ideal "implied reader.
Instead of asking what the text means, Iser asks what the text does to the reader. Iser believes that the reader of a literary text can only picture things which are not there, the written part of the text gives us knowledge but it is the unwritten parts that gives us the challenge to picture things.
Literary work has 2 components: This basic indeterminacy "implies" the reader and begs her participation in synthesizing, and indeed living, events of meaning throughout the process of reading. Similarly, for an 18 years old person to read this novella, and then reread it 10 years later, he or she will grasp a newfound meaning.
Human existence always stretches past itself, seeking just that resolution a comprehension it cannot claim. This is in short what iser meant by the element of indeterminacy. That is true, because, it seems impossible for a text to be meaningful or reaching, to anyone without an audience to receive the meaning.
When we read the story before watching the movie we had different images of the characters of the places and of the events, but when we watched the movie we all started to have the same picture and not necessary to be the one we imagined before watching the movie.
His major critical works on Beckett, Pater and Shakespeare among others are known for their sensitive commentary and original application.
The study of literature, Iser concludes, tells us perhaps more about ourselves than about the books we read. We realized literary works in different ways because simply we are different. Human existence cannot experience its beginning or its end. These components when combined create the life of a piece of literature.
Because human being finds itself thus decentered, unable to be present to itself, it creatively constructs a virtual self-possession out of imagined possibilities in literature.
He believes that the good artist should leave out certain colors for us to fill in and bring our own life into creation. Such a theory of aesthetic response denies the simple dichotomy of fiction and reality. And yet however quietly, Wolfgang Iser undoubtedly stands among the most prominent literary theorists of the late twentieth century.
Nor can we, even in the most intense epiphanic moments, possess the full meaning of what occurs. Within a few years Iser published two books that further developed the project. The question arises as to why we need this particular medium. As a scholar whose work commands international respect, Iser has already helped determine the future direction of the humanities.
He says that the virtual dimension varies all time we are reading. Not only that but Iser adds that each time we read a piece of literature, it can evoke a completely new meaning in us. He gives us the example of a movie version of a novel and he believes that a movie version o f a literary work can give too much indeterminacy.
Together the two comprise the so-called Constance school, which has since set the course for much of social, systems and communication theories in the contemporary German intellectual arena.
Literature thus takes on a greater human function of imagining beyond the given constraints of experience. After evolving an account of "reading" from the dynamic of text and reader, he can also describe "texting," as it were—that is, a retrospective description of the nature of readers based on the effects a text can produce on them.
In Iser published Prospecting, a collection of critical and theoretical essays from the previous decade. He adds that one text is capable of many different interpretations because each individual will fill those gaps in his own way. After The Act of Reading, Iser began exploring these broader implications of reading for human experience and constitution.Chapter Seven The Critique Exercise allows for a critical reading.
On the other hand, critiquing an entire book is probably a more ambitious task than you are likely to have time or energy for experiment, or an analysis published in an academic journal. These more. Iser's Aesthetic Response Theory Viewed in the Context of Collaborative Hyperfictions Abstract InWolfgang Iser wrote his most influential book,The Act of Reading,which details his theories about aesthetic reader response.
The Reading Process: A Phenomenological Approach Wolfgang Iser T HE PHENOMENOLOGICAL THEORY of art lays full stress on the idea that, in considering a literary work, one must take into. to demonstrate your skills for close reading and analysis; Language Strategies for Critiquing.
For each type of critique, it’s important to state your praise, criticism, and suggestions politely, but with the appropriate level of strength. The Writing Center Campus Box # SASB North Ridge Road Chapel Hill, NC ( Introduce the subject of your critique – the reading under analysis.
2. Review the background facts or issues that must be understood before the point of the reading can be appreciated: significance, design, appeal, and so on. 3. Review the assumptions in the reading that must be understood before you take a. Start studying Reading and Critiquing Research Articles.
Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. a term indicating that the results from an analysis of sample data are unlikely to have been caused by chance, at a specified level of probability grow accustomed to the style of research articles by.Download