04 spanish empire

Defending Europe against Islamnotably the Ottoman Empire. The Spanish armies in Germany resorted to "paying themselves" on the land.

This task was greatly facilitated by the spread of diseases e. Spain lost all the colonial possessions in the first 3rd of the century, except for the swaths of desert given to it by the European powers when they partitioned Africa, and Cuba, Puerto Rico and the Philippines, isolated on the far side of the globe.

Nevertheless, Spain held onto significant fragments of its empire in Asia, America and Oceania until the Spanish-American War ofand in Africa until The war was a disaster for France, which suffered defeat at BiccocaPaviaat which Francis was capturedand Landriano before Francis relented and abandoned Milan to Spain once more.

Gustavus then marched south winning notable victories at Breitenfeld and Lutzen, attracting greater support for the Protestant cause the further he went. The Castilian kings, meanwhile, tolerated the Moorish taifa client-kingdom of Granada by exacting tributes of gold, the parias, and, in so doing, ensured that gold from the Niger region of Africa entered Europe.

Another cultural legacy of the Spanish empire overseas is the Catholic Church, which remains the main religion in the Spanish Americas. Meanwhile, in Europe, Francis I of Francewho found himself surrounded by Habsburg territories, invaded the Spanish possessions in Italy inand inaugurated a second round of Franco-Spanish conflict.

The Spanish, who derived a great deal of wealth from the Netherlands and particularly from the vital port of Antwerp, were committed to restoring order and maintaining their hold on the provinces. The Spanish chose the route of negotiation, and pacified most of the southern provinces again with the Union of Arras in The Dutch, led by Maurice of Nassau, the son of William the Silent and perhaps the greatest strategist of his time, had succeeded in taking a number of border cities sinceincluding the fortress of Breda.

The coastal villages and towns of Spain, Italy and the Mediterranean islands were frequently attacked by Barbary pirates from North Africa; the Formentera was even temporarily left by its population and long stretches of the Spanish and Italian coasts were almost completely abandoned by their inhabitants.

By the entire continental shore of the Caribbean Sea has been explored from Honduras to the mouth of the Orinoco. Portugal had rebelled in under the leadership of John IV of Portugal, a Braganza pretender to the throne.

As the Spanish Equatorial Region, it was ruled by a governor general exercising military and civilian powers.

Spanish Empire

And here the produce of the Pacific colonies is subsequently brought, to start its journey to Spain. Richelieu decided that the recently-signed Peace of Prague was contrary to French designs and declared war on the Holy Roman Emperor and Spain within months of the peace being signed.

The Spanish Bourbons broadest intentions were to break the power of the entrenched creole aristocracies, and, eventually, loosen the territorial control of the Society of Jesus too: From a position of strength, the Emperor approached the war-weary German states with a peace in ; many accepted, including the two most powerful, Brandenburg and Saxony.

But the first important development in contintental America is the establishment of Panama. These jointly run empires have sometimes been called the Spanish-Portuguese Empire.( LC)Which one of the following is true of agriculture in Spanish America?

The main crops were vastly different than they had been before Spain’s arrival. This is the end of the preview%(19). The Spanish Empire also known as "Spanish Monarchy" was one of the largest empires in history and became one of the first global empires in world history Soon after the Reconquista, Spain became the first global power in the world.

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List of Spanish monarchs

Weiss's thing he put up APUSH Practice MC Period 1 study guide by reilly_shea includes 38 The first center of the Spanish empire in. The Spanish Empire (Spanish: Imperio Español; Latin: Imperium Hispanicum), historically known as the Hispanic Monarchy (Spanish: Monarquía Hispánica) and as the Catholic Monarchy (Spanish: Monarquía Católica) was one of the largest empires in history.

HISTORY OF THE SPANISH EMPIRE including New European empires, Spaniards in a new world, Panama. The Spanish Empire Habsburg Spain was a superpower and the center of the first global empire in the 16th century. It had a cultural golden age in the 17th century.

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